The Île de France embodies the rich heritage of France acquired over the centuries: royal forests, magnificent Gothic cathedrals and churches (Notre-Dame de Paris, Sainte-Chapelle, Saint-Denis), medieval castles and extravagant palaces of the kings of France (the Louvre, Versailles, Fontainebleau, Vaux-le-Vicomte, Saint-Germain-en-Laye). This region, of which Paris is the centre, offers a relaxing nature, with vast plains and forests. If Parisians like to spend their weekends here, it is to relax and be in direct contact with nature. The region has become a major tourist destination for international visitors, who enjoy discovering castles, palaces but also the Disneyland Paris park!
The Île-de-France region is one of the ancient provinces of France and has been the center of power during French history thanks to the dynamism and economic supremacy of its principal city, Paris. Founded in the 3rd century BC, inhabited by a Celtic tribe known as the Parisii, hence the origin of its name. The first settlement probably was on the island in the center of Paris, now known as L'Ile de la Cité. In 52 BC, Julius Caesar and his legions of Roman soldiers arrived here, achieving one of his most significant military victories: this Roman victory against the Celtic Gauls has an iconic place in modern French history and nationalism.